Attachment working models and relationship quality in dating couples

They found that caregiving was imbedded in the styles of attachment, although it was expressed differently by each.In addition, evidence of the link between attachment and sexuality has also been forged by Brennan and Shaver (1995).People marry because they feel an overwhelming attachment of love; communication and conflict styles express and monitor attachment; intimacy, commitment, sex, trust and reliance are all components that produce attachment.Couples divorce because their experience of attachment has deteriorated; other couples reconcile because they rekindle attachment.Bartholomew’s four styles are the: 1) Secure ( S, O); 2) Dismissing ( S, -O); 3) Preoccupied (-S, O); and 4) Fearful (-S, -O).In the eighties, several researchers applied Bowlby’s three styles of attachment to adult romantic relationships (Hazan, C.They found that the avoidant style were more accepting of casual, noncommited sex than the other attachment styles.

Carnelley, Pietromonaco, and Jaffe (cited in Feeney and Noller, 1996) and Kunce and Shaver (1994) have also provided support for the link between attachment styles and the caregiving components of romantic love.Feeney and Noller (1996) stated that although they “know of no published empirical work integrating all three components of romantic bonds (attachment, caregiving, and sexuality), such work will undoubtedly be carried out.This integrative approach offers the promise of a comprehensive theory of romantic love.” (p. Attachment, then, is best conceptualized as a metarelationship concept which incorporates all the universal bonding forces that make up human love and closeness.This landmark three-volume exploration of attachment, separation and loss by Bowlby (1969, 1973, 1980) provided an in-depth understanding of the varying styles of unidirectional attachment which occur from the infant to the mother.Subsequent studies expanded this individual, object-relations theoretical orientation to include more systemic and transactional concepts.

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