Cultural dating wikipedia
Regional identities, such as Provencal and Breton have coexisted with political units of state control.
The major mountain ranges are the Alps in the east and the Pyrenees in the southwest. The Massif Central is a large mountainous plateau in the central area, which includes the ancient volcanoes of the Auvergne region.
The population is divided by social class, political party affiliation, generation, ethnicity, and region.
Having had a significant rural population well into the twentieth century, the country continues to be marked by a rural-urban split. The French often refer to their nation as a hexagon to describe its six-sided shape, and this term is also a symbol for the country.
The most recent update of national language policy regarding education came in 1995, permitting the teaching of regional languages at the primary and secondary levels. The nation historically has been divided into two linguistic regions: that of the langue d'oeil to the north and that of the langue d'oc to the south.
National identity is closely identified with the French language.