Radiocarbon dating ancient egypt
We also show that the quantity of radiocarbon (C) is the criterion of choice to discriminate natural and synthesized lead carbonates.
The results give new insight into the production of white make-up powders in Antiquity and confirm the expertize of ancient Egyptians and Greeks in chemically synthesizing lead carbonate make-up.
The results comprise an accurate scientifically based chronology of the kings of ancient Egypt obtained by the radiocarbon analysis of short-lived plant remains.
Our results confirm the expertize of ancient Egyptians and Greeks in the chemical synthesis of cosmetics.The cosmetics were selected on the basis of their known archeological context and chemical composition.Small samples of powders (10–50 mg) containing two forms of lead carbonate were collected: phosgenite (Pb).The radiocarbon dates nail down a chronology that is broadly in line with previous estimates.However, they do rule out some chronologies that have been put forward particularly in the Old Kingdom, which is shown to be older than some scholars thought.